Preparing Teachers to Work With Heritage Language Learners

Authored by: Ana María Schwartz Caballero

Handbook of Heritage, Community, and Native American Languages in the United States

Print publication date:  January  2014
Online publication date:  January  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415520669
eBook ISBN: 9780203122419
Adobe ISBN: 9781136332494


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Trends in public opinion suggest that Americans believe that achieving the “American Dream” has become increasingly difficult (Hanson & Zogby, 2010). At the same time, demographers have shown that immigrants from every part of the world continue to want to make the United States their home. For example, in 2010, the number of immigrants was 40 million, an increase of 8.9 million since 2000 (Grieco et al., 2012). The increase in the proportion of those 5 years of age or older who speak a language other than English (LOTE) has gone up almost three points, from 18 to 20.8 percent (American Community Survey, 2011; Shin & Bruno, 2003). Moreover, the use of several immigrant languages—Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, and Vietnamese—is projected to increase from 2010 to 2020, with Spanish continuing to be the most commonly spoken LOTE in the United States (Ortman & Shin, 2011).

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