Warm Springs Languages

Authored by: Valerie Switzler , Erin Flynn Haynes

Handbook of Heritage, Community, and Native American Languages in the United States

Print publication date:  January  2014
Online publication date:  January  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415520669
eBook ISBN: 9780203122419
Adobe ISBN: 9781136332494


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This chapter provides an overview of the three Indigenous languages spoken on the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation in Central Oregon. Its focus is on the use, history, and current prospects of these languages. However, we acknowledge that languages cannot be discussed successfully without also providing descriptions of the people who speak, learn, transmit, and value them. Thus, this chapter also provides a brief overview of the people of Warm Springs: the history that brought three separate tribes together onto one reservation, the work they have done to retain their traditional cultures under tremendous outside pressure to assimilate to “American” culture, and their dedication to revitalizing the languages of their cultural heritages.

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