Peer Relationships and Positive Adjustment at School

Authored by: Kathryn Wentzel , Shannon Russell , Sandra Baker

Handbook of Positive Psychology in Schools

Print publication date:  March  2014
Online publication date:  February  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415621854
eBook ISBN: 9780203106525
Adobe ISBN: 9781136258398

10.4324/9780203106525.ch17

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Abstract

Relationships with peers are of central importance to children throughout childhood and adolescence. They provide companionship and entertainment, help in solving problems, personal validation and emotional support, and especially during adolescence, a foundation for identity development. In addition, positive peer interactions tend to promote the development of perspective-taking and empathic skills that serve as bases for cooperative, prosocial, and nonaggressive types of behavior; positive relationships with peers also have been related consistently to a range of positive academically related accomplishments (Wentzel, 2005).

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