Student Engagement

Authored by: Jill D. Sharkey , Matthew Quirk , Ashley M. Mayworm

Handbook of Positive Psychology in Schools

Print publication date:  March  2014
Online publication date:  February  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415621854
eBook ISBN: 9780203106525
Adobe ISBN: 9781136258398

10.4324/9780203106525.ch12

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Abstract

Scholars and school professionals have identified student engagement as critical to student success in school. Although student attendance can be mandated, student participation or engagement in learning involves a complex interaction between children and their learning environments (Appleton, Christenson, & Furlong, 2008) and is an essential protective factor that promotes students’ positive educational and social outcomes (O’Farrell & Morrison, 2003). As research focused on student engagement has progressed, scholars have developed an increasingly sophisticated and specific understanding of student engagement that distinguishes between a myriad of related concepts (Appleton et al., 2008; Unrau & Quirk, in press). Research has focused on measuring and examining facilitators, indicators, and outcomes of student engagement. Scholars have recognized that there are individual student factors as well as school system factors related to student engagement (Sharkey, You, & Schnoebelen, 2008). This chapter provides an orientation to student engagement including definitions, theories, facilitators, indicators, and outcomes. Future directions and practical implications conclude the discussion.

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