What are Emerging Trends and Future Directions in Effective Inclusive Schools for Students with High Incidence Disabilities?

Authored by: Festus E. Obiakor , Cheryl A. Utley , Tachelle Banks , Bob Algozzine

Handbook of Effective Inclusive Schools

Print publication date:  May  2014
Online publication date:  May  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415626057
eBook ISBN: 9780203102930
Adobe ISBN: 9781136242434


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The history of educating students with disabilities in the United States parallels other groups in our society that have been excluded from services, including those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Typically, three stages of “care” have emerged in relation to marginalized students:

protection through exclusion by law or regulation

inclusion based on judicial and/or legislative mandates, and

integration through policies and practices.

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