Struggles of citizenship in Sudan

Authored by: Munzoul A. M. Assal

Routledge Handbook of Global Citizenship Studies

Print publication date:  June  2014
Online publication date:  June  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415519724
eBook ISBN: 9780203102015
Adobe ISBN: 9781136237966


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In Sudan, both law and common discourse focus on nationality (jinsiya in Arabic) rather than on citizenship (muwatana). Yet these two terms are often used interchangeably, even though compared with nationality, citizenship has a precise legal definition that provides access to specific rights. Citizenship is closely linked to the concept of rights as defined by national and international law, while nationality is a more ambiguous term which is closely associated with subjective understandings of community. Nationality is often defined and used more broadly, with reference to origin and to membership of a culturally defined community (Assal 2011), and may refer to membership of an ethno-national group that need not be established as an independent state (Bauböck 2006).

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