The Amazon Rainforest

A green criminological perspective

Authored by: Tim Boekhout van Solinge , Karlijn Kuijpers

Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  August  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415678827
eBook ISBN: 9780203093658
Adobe ISBN: 9781317809005


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Since the 1960s, almost 20 percent of the Amazon has been deforested. Eighty percent of this deforestation has taken place in Brazil, which has two-thirds of the Amazon within its borders. Land conversion for creating cattle farms has been responsible for 70 per cent of deforestation (Malhi et al. 2008: 169), although some 60–80 percent of all logging in the Brazilian Amazon is illegal (Boekhout van Solinge 2010b: 272). Land conversion for soy cultivation is a second and more recent cause of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon.

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