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Water Pollution

Authored by: Frank R. Spellman

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781498708616
eBook ISBN: 9781498708623
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b18873-9

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Abstract

The average American uses more than 180 gallons of fresh, clean water a day, while many rural villagers in the Third World nations spend up to 6 hours a day obtaining their water from distant, polluted streams. Nearly 10 million people die each year as a result of intestinal diseases caused by unsafe water. While the magnitude of water use in most Western countries gives the appearance of an unlimited supply, it is only an illusion. In the 30-year period between 1950 and 1980, the U.S. population grew by 50 percent. During the same time period, water consumption increased by 150 percent. The Water Resources Council projects that of the 106 water supply regions in the United States, water supplies to 17 of them will be seriously inadequate in the next decades.

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