Overview of Wood Transportation and Operations Research Methods in This Area: Bernard Gendron, Reino Pulkki, Marius Posta, and Jean Favreau

Authored by: Bernard Gendron , Reino Pulkki , Marius Posta , Jean Favreau

Forest Value Chain Optimization and Sustainability

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  December  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498704861
eBook ISBN: 9781315371696
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter presents a survey of the literature dealing with applications of operations research (OR) methods for planning wood transportation, one of the most important aspects of the forest value chain. By transportation, we mean long-distance transportation, which refers to transportation from the raw material source to the point of utilization. Long-distance transportation applies to both transportation of the raw material to the mill and transportation of the finished product to the consumer. In the case of roundwood, it refers to the transportation from roadside to the point of utilization (e.g., the mill). The transportation from the stump area to roadside is referred to as primary transportation, also known as terrain transportation, off-road transportation, skidding, forwarding, yarding, and so on. Secondary transportation is concerned with the transportation of logs to primary plants and of wood products to secondary plants, as well as moving residues, chips, and so on. For the purpose of this chapter, maritime international transportation of wood and wood products will not be included in our definition of long-distance transportation. Therefore, when the term wood transportation is used, it will refer to the transportation of wood (round-wood, chips, and residues) from the raw material source to the mill.

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