Monitoring network design

Authored by: James V. Zidek , Dale L. Zimmerman

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics

Print publication date:  September  2017
Online publication date:  January  2019

Print ISBN: 9781498752022
eBook ISBN: 9781315152509
Adobe ISBN:


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The increasing recognition of the association between adverse human health conditions and many environmental substances as well as processes has led to the need to monitor them. That need has become more acute with the growth in the size of the World’s human population that, far from peaking at around nine billion in 2050 as demographer’s estimates had suggested, is now projected to keep growing so that by the year 2100, it could grow to as much as fifteen billion (Gerland et al. 2014). Since a lot of the environmental hazards have anthropogenic sources, their levels are thus likely to rise. Add to that are the increasing health risks associated with climate change, notably extreme temperatures (Li et al. 2012), and environmental monitoring networks become a vital necessity for such things as developing mitigation strategies.

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