Aldehydes and Ketones

Authored by: Pradyot Patnaik

Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Print publication date:  August  2017
Online publication date:  August  2017

Print ISBN: 9781498745611
eBook ISBN: 9781315151946
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315151946-16

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Abstract

Aldehydes and ketones constitute an important class of organic compounds containing the carbonyl group. An aldehyde has the structure RCH(=O) while a ketone has the structure R2C(=O). where R may be an alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, or aryl group. In aldehyde, one hydrogen atom is attached to the carbonyl group, while in ketone no hydrogen is bound to the carbonyl group. In formaldehyde, two hydrogen atoms are bound to the carbonyl group. Thus, aldehydes and ketones are compounds of closely related classes exhibiting many similar chemical properties.

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