Toxicity, Sources, and Control of Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Molybdenum (Mo), Silver (Ag), and Rare Earth Elements in the Environment

Authored by: O. Sarafadeen Amuda , A. Olanrewaju Alade , Yung-Tse Hung , Lawrence K. Wang , Mu-Hao Sung Wang

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9781466513419
eBook ISBN: 9781315117423
Adobe ISBN:


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There are more than 20 heavy metal toxins contributing to a variety of adverse health effects in humans. Exposed individuals experience different behavioral, physiological, and cognitive changes depending on the type of the toxin and the degree of exposure by the individual. This chapter presents the sources of exposure, toxicity, and control technologies of Cu, Zn, Mo, Ag, and rare earth elements in the environment.

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