Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Wetland Vegetation

Authored by: Elijah Ramsey , Amina Rangoonwala

Advanced Applications in Remote Sensing of Agricultural Crops and Natural Vegetation

Print publication date:  December  2018
Online publication date:  December  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138364769
eBook ISBN: 9780429431166
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429431166-11

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Abstract

Chapter 11 by Ramsey and Rangoonwala provides an overview of how hyperspectral imaging (HSI) advances the mapping of coastal wetlands that comprise a unique variety of plant species, forms, and associations. Each description begins by seeking to uncover the relationship between canopy hyperspectral reflectance and one or more of the aggregated biophysical properties of the wetland canopy: leaf spectral properties, canopy structure, or background reflectance. Examples incorporate the application of radiative transfer equations, direct measurements, and above the top of canopy reflectance and photography. First demonstrated is how HSI can elucidate relations observed with broadband mapping of mangroves as well as enhance change detection. Similar uses of HSI are suggested for the mapping of cypress and bottomland hardwood forests. Next, the mapping of invasive plants is used to demonstrate how HSI can be used to transfer high-spatial-resolution broadband information to spatial resolutions amenable to regional mapping. The demonstration also includes the fusion of HSI and broadband mapping for added-value regional risk assessment of invasive establishment. Illustrations and discussion then show that the proper interpretation of HSI canopy reflectance can require measurement of both the marsh canopy structure and its compositional biomass. The final HSI application demonstrates the capability to detect and track abnormal marsh change at the leaf and canopy levels within variable backgrounds. It further shows how necessary HSI spectral information can be identified and captured in a limited number of narrowbands for advancing operational mapping.

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