History

Three Basic Printing Processes

Authored by: Sidney E. Berger

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Fourth Edition

Print publication date:  November  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9781466552593
eBook ISBN: 9781315116143
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-ELIS4-120043541

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Abstract

The present entry will discuss three types of printing processes as they have been practiced in the West for centuries. Moveable type printing that originated with Johannes Gutenberg in Europe is called relief printing because the ink adheres to a raised surface from which is it imparted to the printed surface. The second basic kind of printing in the hand press period is intaglio, that is, printing from inks delivered to a surface from beneath the surface of the printing block. The third type of printing is called planographic and the process is referred to as lithography, which involves printing from the flat surface of a stone.

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