Municipal Wastewater

Authored by: James R. Pfafflin , Cameron Macinnis

Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering

Print publication date:  June  2012
Online publication date:  June  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439804421
eBook ISBN: 9780203757659
Adobe ISBN:


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Sewage is the spent water supply of a community. Concentration of waste in sewage depends upon the composition of that community—urban or rural, residential or industrial—and upon the time of day. Treatment facilities have high initial capital costs, borne out by their length of service. In order that operating and research data reported by workers in widely separated areas be comparable, it is necessary to have analytical methods which are simple, give consistent results, and are widely accepted. This need is filled by Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and wastewater.

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