Runoff Water

Authored by: Zaneta Polkowska

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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This entry summarizes the current state of knowledge on the role of atmospheric pollutants' transport to the surface and transformations of wet deposition on contact with various surfaces. Runoff waters are one of the forms in which precipitation reaches the groundwater and surface water. They are formed when rain or melting snow washes the surfaces of roofs, highways, agricultural areas, or tree canopies. Pollutants present in runoff waters can constitute a potential danger to aquatic ecosystems. Both precipitation and runoff waters end up in surface water and/or groundwater, which are the primary sources of drinking water. It is necessary, therefore, to monitor the pollution of runoff waters. Studies of this kind are carried out increasingly often around the world, as indicated by the literature.

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