Cadmium and Lead: Contamination

Authored by: Gabriella Kakonyi , Imad A.M. Ahmed

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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The presence of cadmium and lead in the environment is greatly sourced from and affected by anthropogenic activities. These activities are severe and present global environmental and human health issues. The detection of these elements and the determination of their chemical state, thus toxicity, have challenged scientists and engineers for many years. On the basis of the knowledge gained, production is changing and regulations are being put in place to be able to reduce and control the effect of cadmium and lead in the environment.

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