Fuel Cells: Low Temperature

Authored by: Xianguo Li , Kui Jiao

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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Based on a literature review and search of technical databases, the recent advancement of fuel cell technology has been identified for the three low temperature fuel cells: alkaline fuel cell (AFC), proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Their technological status is presented with respect to their basic operating principle, acceptable contamination levels, the state-of-the-art technology, major technical barriers to commercialization, their economics and suitability for utility and transportation applications.

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