Fuel Cells: Intermediate and High Temperature

Authored by: Xianguo Li , Gholamreza Karimi , Kui Jiao

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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The recent advancement of fuel cell technology is presented for the four intermediate and high temperature fuel cells: high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Their technological status is presented with respect to their basic operating principle, acceptable contamination levels, the state-of-the-art technology, major technical barriers to commercialization, their economics and suitability for utility and transportation applications.

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