Rare Earth Elements

Authored by: Zhengyi Hu , Gerd Sparovek , Silvia Haneklaus , Ewald Schnug

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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The rare earth elements comprise the elements scandium and yttrium, and 15 lanthanides with successive atomic numbers. Rare earth elements are applied to soils as fertilizer materials or as contaminations of industrial sludges so that an assessment of their behavior in soils is required for evaluating agro-environmental effects. This entry summarizes the present knowledge of soil chemical properties of rare earth elements.

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