Authored by: Douglas Kane , Julia Boike

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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This entry discusses those surface soils and deeper geologic layers that remain at or below freezing for a duration of two years or more and how they impact people living in this environment. Such frozen ground, both unconsolidated and bedrock, are commonly referred to as permafrost.

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